Alternative Management Systems (EPR Schemes)
The creation of Alternative Management Systems is based on the principle of Extended Producer Responsibility, which uses financial incentives to encourage producers to design more environmentally friendly products and renders them responsible for the cost of product management at the end of their life cycle (when i.e. those products become waste).
Greece has included in the institutional framework of alternative management a range of waste streams for which there are clear quantitative targets for recycling and recovery in European legislation, but not necessarily in the context of extended producer responsibility (eg used vehicle tires, waste lubrication oils, construction demolition and excavation waste materials).
Thus, to date, apart from packaging and packaging waste (Law 2939/2001), there have been issued Presidential Decrees (PD) or Joint Ministerial Decisions (JMD), containing terms and conditions for the alternative waste management of the following materials:
All producers (manufacturers, traders, importers) are obliged to either organize or participate in Alternative Management Systems. Individual or collective Systems are approved, monitored, and controlled by the HRA.
Today in Greece there are 22 operating Systems (April 2014) of alternative management covering packaging, portable batteries, accumulators, waste electrical and electronic equipment, used tires, waste oils, End of Life Cycle Vehicles and wastes from excavation, construction and demolition.
NOTE: Details for Alternative Management Systems are in Recycling Section.